Categories
Women's Studies

Which of the female reformers or reform movements from around 1890-1920 do you admire most? Why? Do you agree with Sarah? Why or Why not? Brief video about an important suffrage march A brief biography of one of the most prominent women’s rights leaders A brief profile of an influential figure in Civil Rights in the first half of the 20th century Sarah:

Which of the female reformers or reform movements from around 1890-1920 do you admire most? Why? Do you agree with Sarah? Why or Why not? Brief video about an important suffrage march A brief biography of one of the most prominent women’s rights leaders A brief profile of an influential figure in Civil Rights in the first half of the 20th century Sarah: I admire Alice Paul and the Equal Suffrage movement. After Woodrow Wilson vaguely pledged his allegiance to support women’s suffrage, Paul and the National Woman’s Party formed a picket line in front of the White House. They had themed days and stayed out in horrible conditions sharing their stories, just to gain press attention and hold the President to his promise. This was in 1917. Unfortunately, these women were arrested because they were unable to pay the fine. As soon as they were released, they returned to the lines. By early 1918, after Wilson received letters and saw the protests, he “publicly endorsed a constitutional amendment” (Kerber 350). A day later the House of Representatives passed the suffrage amendment barely achieving the two-thirds majority; however, it failed to be carried by the Senate by two votes. It was needed for a re-election for the amendment to pass. “In the fall 1918 elections, NAWSA targeted four senators for defeat; two of them failed to be reelected”, this led to 35 states ratifying the amendment by August 1920 (Kerber 351). Finally women won the battle, but African Americans still had an ongoing fight.
I admire this movement because without these fearless women, I believe society would be very different. It would not be as progressive and women may not be granted the rights that they are today. These women were arrested, yet it did not deter them from fighting harder. The courage and perseverance of these women are commendable and as the current events are happening within society, I wish to have an ounce of their courage.

Categories
Women's Studies

The United States underwent dramatic changes in the late nineteenth century, including the development of heavy industry, increased immigration, and urbanization. What were some of the ways these changes effected gender and race/ethnicity

The United States underwent dramatic changes in the late nineteenth century, including the development of heavy industry, increased immigration, and urbanization. What were some of the ways these changes effected gender and race/ethnicity? And Reply back to Crystal. Do you agree with her? Why or why not? Concise overview of black women in the suffrage movement and other reform activities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
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https://www.tenement.org/tenement-women-agents-of-…
A digital exhibit about women activists on the Lower East Side. There are other worthwhile digital exhibits as well as podcasts on the Museum’s website. Even better, visit the museum to more fully experience immigrant life in NYC in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. —-
Crystal: The development of heavy industry along with a great period of immigration had created new gender role changes for women and helped in the process of urbanization. Women at this time were bored of their household duties and wanted to take on jobs outside of the house and in cities where factories and sweatshops were plenty specifically in sewing and textile trades since these occupations were closest to what they have already been taught by their past generations. A lot of working woman were daughters of immigrants and they wanted to work to begin their lives before they would get married and then start to raise their own children. In African American households women were forced to help their husbands with income issues due to African American males having lower wages than those of white males. White women often got the higher paying jobs in the sewing factories, whereas, african american and some other immigrants would be forced into “agricultural work since they were barred by prejudice from higher paying industrial jobs (Ware 61). The harsh conditions in factories led a group of women known as Internation Ladies Garment Workers Union to go on strike and demand less working hours and safer conditions The boost in industrialized jobs helped form cities which then in return helped with urbanization. Women whose families could not afford to own homes settled in tenements within the city with cheaper rents but often at times dirty living conditions which led many to die from disease. Urban women were often more educated than those of women who settled on farms and in rural areas which led to a greater productivity from the “New Women”. I found it interesting that of all the great achievements that urban women helped develop the declining birthrate was that biggest change during this time period.