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Read/review the following resources for this activity:
Textbook: Chapter 6, 7
Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)
“Everyone is entitled to their own opinions – but not their own facts.” (Daniel Patrick Moynihan, cited in Vanity Fair, 2010, para. 2)
We form opinions – and make our judgments – based on facts we observe and values we hold. Our judgments are also influenced by the opinions of others. In the section “An Expert on Hate in America” in Chapter 6, one of the authors, Dr. Peter Facione, renders an opinion on a non-profit civil rights organization: Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). Dr. Facione is a leading advocate and one of the most influential voices in the field of critical thinking.
His endorsement of the civil rights organization is unqualified. It is also transparent: Dr. Facione reveals that he is a financial supporter of the organization and has arranged speaking engagements for its founder. This is Dr. Facione’s invitation to you, the reader:
Knowing where you can learn more about the SPLC for yourself, and knowing about Dr. Facione’s endorsement and support of the Center’s work, evaluate this claim made by Dr. Facione: “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p. 124).
The endorsement of the SPLC is contained in the most current edition of the text, whose copyright date is 2016. Since that time Morris Dees, co-founder and former chief trial counsel, has been fired (Hassan, Zraick & Blinder, 2019). Previously, there has been controversy about groups and individuals that are listed by the SPLC as “hate groups” (Graham, 2016; Price, 2018). The organization, which has nearly a half-billion dollars in assets, has also been criticized for how it spends these funds (Robinson, 2019).
Before you submit your initial post, make sure to read the assigned chapter. Then, ask yourself the following: Did the article in Chapter 6 of the text seem credible and reliable? Why? Be very specific:
Was it because it is in a textbook?
Because it was written by a learned and respected person?
Because of content in the article?
Because of your previous knowledge of the SPLC?
Initial Post Instructions
For the initial post, address the following:
Conduct additional research on the SPLC. Did your opinion alter in any way? Why?
Only after you have done some responsible research should you begin to respond to the discussion prompt. The discussion is not about the SPLC; it is not about Dr. Facione. It is about what you have learned about forming opinions.
Your post must answer this question:
How do you define the term “expert”?
Your post must also discuss at least two (2) of the following questions:
How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe to be the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment.
How did you respond to the self-assessment question? Since doing further research, have you re-thought the way in which you assess credibility and reliability? What is the importance of factoring the recency of a reference or opinion (i.e., how old is it?) into an assessment of credibility and reliability?
How would you evaluate Dr. Facione’s claim “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p. 124). Does the SPLC fit your definition of “expert”? Be specific in your answer.
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least one peer. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.
Minimum of 2 posts (1 initial & 1 follow-up)
Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source)
APA format for in-text citations and list of references
This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link:
Link (webpage): Discussion Guidelines (Links to an external site.)
Course Outcomes (CO): 4, 5, 6
Due Date for Initial Post: By 11:59 p.m. MT Recommended by Wednesday
Due Date for Follow-Up Posts: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday
Posts must be on separate days.
ReferencesFacione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson.
Graham, D.A., (2016, October) How did Maajid Nawaz end up on a list of ‘anti-Muslim extremists’? https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/…
Hassan, A., Zraick, K., & Blinder, A (2019, March 24) Morris Dees, a co-founder of the Southern Poverty Law Center, is ousted. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/14/us/morris-dees-…
Price, G. (2018, June 18) Southern Poverty Law Center settles lawsuit after falsely labeling ‘extremist’ organization. Newsweek.https://www.newsweek.com/splc-nawaz-million-apolog…
Robinson, N. J. (2019, March) The Southern Poverty Law Center is everything that’s wrong with liberalism. Current Affairs. https://www.currentaffairs.org/2019/03/the-souther…
Vanity Fair. (2010, October 10). An American original. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2010/11/moynihan-l…
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ReplyReply to Week 3 Discussion: Evaluating SourcesCollapse SubdiscussionNikolaus BarkauskasNikolaus Barkauskas Jun 22, 2022Jun 22 at 3:20pmManage Discussion EntryIt’s impossible to have first-hand knowledge of everything. Inevitably we look to experts and authorities to help us know and understand the world around us. But that raises the question: who or what is an expert? What opinions should we accept, and why? This week, we’ll explore how to evaluate claims – expert and otherwise – and how to test the worthiness and acceptability of arguments, and, we hope, put the lessons to good use in developing worthy and acceptable arguments of our own!This discussion may be quite challenging since it asks you to critically assess a statement by one of the authors of the textbook. The subject matter is controversial as well. However, remember what we talked about last week. Try to think about the argument only and whether or not it has merit on it’s own…hold off on immediately comparing the idea to your own and think about whether the idea makes sense and whether it could or could not be accurate / correct.Remember that because of COVID-19, we’re only requiring 2 posts in each thread (1 initial and 1 follow-up) and the posting requirements are a bit more lenient. Check out the University’s announcement on this for more info.Nik Reply Reply to Comment