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Sean Muncy v. City of Dallas, 335 F. 3rd. 394 (5th Cir.2003)
In October 1999, Terrell Bolton was appointed as the Chief of Police at the Dallas Police Department by City Manager Teodoro Benavides. Once assigned to the position, Chief Bolton conducted a restructuring throughout the organization immediately, which moved essential personnel and job positions throughout the department. Of those positions were Robert Jackson and Willie Taylor, who had been employed with the department for over twenty years and demoted in rank. Officer Jackson chose to retire from the department and accepted another Chief of Police in the City Of Killen, Texas. Officer Taylor contested his demotion through appeal but was unsuccessful. During the process, the City of Dallas issued formal letters to both Officer Jackson and Taylor, which granted their reinstatement to their previous rank within the Dallas Police Department. Officers chose to reject the offers as well as the back pay and pension contributions. Instead, they chose to respond through legal options. Through the Northern District of Texas, Jackson and Taylor asserted substance and procedural due process violation claims against the City of Dallas, as well as breach of contract and wrongful termination. The district courts granted the Appellees’ motion but were denied through their claim, citing that they did not have a property interest. Jackson and Taylor appealed the ruling. Through legal representation, the former officers argued that their Fourteenth Amendment rights were violated due to the wrongful termination, due process, and a breach of contract. The 5th circuit Courts of Appeals ruled that the demotion was legal.
If I was the judge in this situation, I would agree with the court’s ruling on the matter. Initially, the case was denied due to lacking property interest in the matter. The former officers did not have contracts to appeal against the City of Dallas, and the agency stated they have full authority to demote employees. In the state of Texas, it is an “at will” state which permits the employer to terminate. No less than 100 words and respond to this persons discussion.