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Humanity, independence, neutrality, and impartiality are the core humanitarian principles based on International Humanitarian Law and the foundation for the Core Humanitarian Standards and Humanitarian Charter (Humanitarian Innovation Fund, 2022).

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Briana HuangPosted Date
Jul 16, 2022, 9:21 PM
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Humanity, independence, neutrality, and impartiality are the core humanitarian principles based on International Humanitarian Law and the foundation for the Core Humanitarian Standards and Humanitarian Charter (Humanitarian Innovation Fund, 2022). Sphere is a voluntary initiative created by the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in 1977 to improve humanitarian response quality (Sphere Association, 2018). Sphere incorporates the foundations and principles of the Humanitarian Charter, Core Humanitarian Standard, and Protection Principles to create standards for the four minimum standards WASH (water supply, sanitation, and hygiene promotion), food security/nutrition, shelter and settlement, and health (Sphere Association, 2018). The Core Humanitarian Standards are nine commitments organizations are accountable for to ensure the four minimum standards are met.
Three core humanitarian standards are humanitarian response effective and timely, humanitarian response strengthens local capacities and avoids adverse effects, and resources are managed and used responsibly for their intended purpose (Sphere Association, 2018). There is pressure to respond quickly during natural disasters and emergencies, leading to poor planning and coordination between responding organizations. Experienced staff members need to help organize the use of proper resources. Audits can be conducted to ensure an organization’s financial statements are factual and identify fraudulent issues (Sphere Association, 2018). The 2017 Kermanshah earthquake in West Iran was a humanitarian crisis where 600 people died, and 10,000 people were injured, resulting in thousands of families being displaced to surrounding villages (Fooladlou, 2020). The distribution of humanitarian aid was not managed and used correctly due to the lack of organization and public education. Stakeholders such as the private sector, volunteers, Governmental Organizations, and Nongovernmental Organizations are responsible for collaborating and managing the resources (Fooladlou, 2020). The lack of organization, communication, and coordination between the stakeholders caused the unequal distribution of aid, and some villages did not receive any help. The lack of rules and supervision also caused a misuse of cash aids. “Some famous cinema actors gave their bank account numbers in the cyber networks to collect people’s cash aids, but except for a few, most did not spend the money for the afflicted people” (Fooladlou, 2020). The failure to correctly distribute humanitarian aid resources in the 2017 Kermanshah earthquake worsened the emergency and emphasized the importance of following the 9 Sphere Core Humanitarian Standards.
Humanitarian Innovation Fund. (2022). Humanitarian Principles and Standards. https://higuide.elrha.org/humanitarian-parameters/…
Sphere Association. (2018). The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response. Fourth Edition. www.spherestandards.org/handbook
Fooladlou, S., Safarpour, H., Safi-Keykaleh, M. et al. (2020). Challenges and barriers of humanitarian aid management in 2017 Kermanshah earthquake: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08722-5
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Carmen Sanchez LabradaPosted Date
Jul 16, 2022, 9:16 PM
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The Sphere Core Humanitarian Standards
The three-sphere core humanitarian standards among the nine are CHS 1, CHS 4, and CHS 5. CHS 1 involves a response that is relevant and appropriate. This criterion emphasizes the need for every humanitarian action to be appropriate and relevant. The CHS 4 involves communication, feedback, and participation (Garber et al., 2020). Communication is critical for achieving goals such as cooperation and teamwork, as well as efficiency and promptness in response. The CHS 5 involves welcoming and addressing complaints. When complaints are welcomed and addressed, the probability of receiving such complaints again is low.
The Core Humanitarian Standard Ignored during Times of Disasters or Humanitarian Emergencies.
From my point of view, CHS 5 (Complaints Mechanisms) is the most humanitarian standard ignored during times of disasters or humanitarian emergencies. According to Garber and partners (2020), complaints are commonly disregarded because the people who are getting aid do not want to listen to any complaints for as long as they are getting help.
Characteristics Of Humanitarian Emergencies and Example of How These Standards Were Applied in a Recent Humanitarian Crisis.
A complex Humanitarian Emergency (CHE) is a catastrophic event triggered by and results in a complex collection of social, medical, and often political situations. These conditions typically cause significant human suffering and death and need support and aid from outside sources. The presence of violence, conflict, and displacement is often a defining feature of humanitarian crises. Because of this, humanitarian groups might find it difficult to deliver aid since they may find themselves in dangerous situations (Cook & Ne, 2015). In addition, humanitarian crises often include a huge number of individuals who need aid, which may put an overwhelming burden on humanitarian groups. An actual illustration of this would be the significant explosion in Lebanon (Hashim et al., 2021). The WHO is coordinating with other organizations to assist Lebanon. Thisincludes providing follow-up care for those who have been injured, ensuring that everyone has access to fundamental and life-saving health care services, offering psychological care for health workers and the public, rebuilding hospitals that have been destroyed, and controlling COVID-19 by increasing testing and treatment, purchasing urgently needed medications, and safeguarding health care workers.
References
Cook, A. D., & Ne, F. Y. (2018). Complex humanitarian emergencies and disaster management in Bangladesh: The 2017 Rohingya exodus.
Garber, K., Fox, C., Abdalla, M., Tatem, A., Qirbi, N., Lloyd-Braff, L., … & Hassen, K. (2020). Estimating access to health care in Yemen, a complex humanitarian emergency setting: a descriptive applied geospatial analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 8(11), e1435-e1443.
Hashim, H. T., Uakkas, S., Reda, A., Ramadhan, M. A., & Al Mostafa, M. Y. (2021). Beirut explosion effects on COVID-19 situation in Lebanon. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1-2.
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Amber Martinez-DuranPosted Date
Jul 16, 2022, 8:58 PM
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Replies to Briana Huang
Disaster response can be a bit tricky, as humanitarian aid can become target in itself, as medical facilities or supply stations can become targets of war. The humanitarian community has acknowledged these problems and has done great deal of reflection and evaluation and “along with measures to improve practice, including the development of codes of conduct for humanitarian agencies, the promotion of minimum standards for service provision, and debate regarding enhancing accountability to affected populations” (Core Humanitarian Crisis. 2022). Core Humanitarian Standards (CHS) have established nine commitments from global investors/organizations called the Sphere Core Humanitarian Standards, these were designed to protect the most vulnerable during an emergency or crisis situation. It is imperative that during these situations the center of response is driven by delivering quality and effective health care. Communities that are affected by a disaster or crisis situation should have aid to assist the community in a timely manner. Populations are also expected to receive modernized assistance as reflections of past disaster management led to an evolution of response. As global health officials reflect on past responses to disaster/crisis situations, it is crucial that assessments are completed to ensure that current measures are effective. The war in Afghanistan continues today and the humanitarian crisis gets worse every day. Communities affected by war should have access to the aid that they require- unfortunately this is one of the most neglected CHS globally in regard to war. Since the Taliban’s take over many people in

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